It is critical that petroleum and other chemical contents of aboveground tanks do not escape from its container and pollute the environment. This particularly applies if the tanks are near the shoreline.
Industry experts and the federal government ensure that owners of aboveground tanks comply with specific standards. These aim to protect the environment and the general public from hazards possibly brought by faulty petroleum containers.
Works involving aboveground tanks should have authorization from experts.
The American Petroleum Institute (API) is a standards body that has published all the accepted practices in any aboveground tank works. The standards required that any construction, design, materials used, alteration and repair of aboveground tanks should have approval.
Experienced industry-specific engineers should have authorized it. Therefore, when a tank requires modification, for example, it must comply with the API 653 tank alteration standards based on an earlier API edition.
The goal of the new API edition is to resolve any aboveground tank issues missed in the previous standard editions. The API standards ensure that all tank works, which include welding, materials used, and other parts, meet the minimum requirements that experts deemed are safe.
EPA personnel ensure tanks are structurally sound and well-maintained
The US Environmental Protection Agency, on the other hand, is responsible for overseeing the structural soundness and proper maintenance of aboveground tank containers.
EPA created the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Taskforce to ensure the parties concerned properly handle and contain any oil issues. This is in accordance with the Clean Water Act of 1972 with Oil Pollution Act amendment of 1990.
The SPCC helps strengthen the technical requirements of tanks. It enforces facilities to have a detailed action plan and further explain some oil-related provisions.
Industry experts such as the API and the federal’s EPA are responsible for ensuring aboveground container tanks are structurally sound and meet minimum requirements. These should prevent polluting the environment and cause hazards to the public.