Experts believe a major research about the causes of migraine could provide hope for patients.
Areas of the brain that trigger migraine
Researchers at the Welcome Tryst Sanger Institute say they have recognized five areas of the brain that they believe contain genes associated with the onset of migraine.
The Cambridgeshire-based scientists say studying these could “open new doors” to the underlying causes.
Around 14% of adults are affected by this condition, experiencing intense headache at the front or one side of the head. It’s hard to study because, between the episodes, patients are otherwise healthy.
The researchers compared DNA samples from over 100,000 people, which include those affected and healthy patients.
Genes linked with cause of migraine
They believe that many genes linked with migraine are interconnected and could potentially be adversely affecting the chemistry of the brain cells. This results in some of the symptoms of migraine.
Dr. Padhraif Gormley, who was involved in the research, said, “At a fundamental biological level, we really don’t know what causes a migraine. Many people find it very debilitating, becoming overly-sensitive to stimuli such as light and sound.”
He explains the new study is important in “informing the direction of the research, but the cure would be many years down the line.”